There is an informative discussion ongoing at the weblog
regarding the “climate dice” issue that Jim Hansen has introduced. As written on The Conversation in their post on April 17 2012 by Ben Newell who is an Associate Investigator at the ARC Centre of Excellence in Climate Systems Science;
This “climate dice” analogy has been used in a recent paper by James Hansen and colleagues to demonstrate how over the past 30 years the dice have become “progressively loaded”. There is no longer equal chances of warm, cool, or average seasons.
I was asked on this weblog to respond to the comment in the following e-mail
Dear Dr Pielke and Dr Hansen, I would be interested in comments from both of you for public posting concerning the following comments made on an Australian website called The Conversation.
Specifically Dr Hansen’s 1981 paper was mentioned to provide credence to the suggestion that climate models are performing skillfully. I note this paper has received some attention in the press recently and resulted in a blog post by Dr Pielke Snr pointing out the following about the model outputs:
“If the observed surface temperature data used in the figure in which this claim is made is correct, but also so is the measurement of lower tropospheric temperatures (such as from MSU RSS and MSU UAH), than Hansen’s forecast for the surface temperatures would be correct, but for the wrong reason. If the warming were due to added CO2 and other greenhouse gases, the lower tropospheric temperatures would have warmed at least as much.
However, the latest available global average lower tropospheric temperature anomaly (see) is only +0.11 C above the 30 year average. Over this time period, the Hansen figure shows an expected change anomaly of ~+0.5c.
The trend has also been essentially flat since 2002. The Hansen figure indicates the current change since 2002 should be almost +0.2C.”
For the rest of the article from which the above is derived see…
The following response [by Nick Kermode] to this was elicited at The Conversation:
Marc, Mr. Pielke Snr. would have done well to actually read Hansens paper rather than just a newspaper article. Making a statement like “If the warming were due to added CO2 and other greenhouse gases, the lower tropospheric temperatures would have warmed at least as much” shows he clearly hasn’t. In his paper Hansen specifically says the troposphere should not have responded yet. So his temp. predictions are pretty close and he is ALSO right about the troposphere. Have a read, amazing it was written 30 years ago! https://theconversation.edu.au/if-you-want-to-roll-the-climate-dice-you-should-know-the-odds-6462#comment_32633
Can either of you comment. Dr Hansen I cannot find anywhere in your paper reference to a statement that suggest “the troposphere should not have responded yet“. Indeed it seems this would go against the basic science for a transient response to increased CO2.
Regards Marc Hendrickx
My reply, posted on The Conversation, was
Hi Mr. Hendrickx
Thank you for the opportunity to add to the discussion. The troposphere clearly should not have a lag in the heating, as we discuss, for instance in our papers
Klotzbach, P.J., R.A. Pielke Sr., R.A. Pielke Jr., J.R. Christy, and R.T. McNider, 2009: An alternative explanation for differential temperature trends at the surface and in the lower troposphere. J. Geophys. Res., 114, D21102, doi:10.1029/2009JD011841. https://pielkeclimatesci.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/r-345.pdf
Klotzbach, P.J., R.A. Pielke Sr., R.A. Pielke Jr., J.R. Christy, and R.T. McNider, 2010: Correction to: “An alternative explanation for differential temperature trends at the surface and in the lower troposphere. J. Geophys. Res., 114, D21102, doi:10.1029/2009JD011841”, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D1, doi:10.1029/2009JD013655. https://pielkeclimatesci.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/r-345a.pdf
As we report in the second paper, Gavin Schmidt, who works with Jim, has provided online model results of an amplification of 1.1 over land and 1.6 over the oceans. The surface and lower troposphere are clearly connected in terms of warming in the model results.
Jim also wrote in
in a response to a comment by John Christy and I in 2005 [https://pielkeclimatesci.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/hansen-science.pdf]
“The Willis et al. measured heat storage of 0.62 W/m2 refers to the decadal mean for the upper 750 m of the ocean. Our simulated 1993-2003 heat storage rate was 0.6 W/m2 in the upper 750 m of the ocean. The decadal mean planetary energy imbalance, 0.75 W/m2, includes heat storage in the deeper ocean and energy used to melt ice and warm the air and land. 0.85 W/m2 is the imbalance at the end of the decade.”
The end of the decade refers to the 1990s. If this finding were robust, we would expect heating to occur in the lower troposphere in recent years.
Please let me know if you would like further input on this question.
I look forward to seeing how Jim Hansen (or Gavin Schmidt) responds to Marc’s inquiry, and will post if they do.